Trial is an opportunity to protect one's rights, get alimony, return a debt, prove your right to real estate and collect compensation for the damage done.
There are three courts in Russia: commercial court, federal (common law court) and magistrate's court.
Commercial Court is responsible for cases involving organizations or individual entrepreneurs, corporate disputes, as well as everything related to bankruptcy (including bankruptcy of individuals).
All other disputes are considered by federal court. Including disputes between private individuals, as well as between companies and individuals, as well as cases not related to entrepreneurial activity, even if all parties to the dispute are legal entities.
Other disputes with the claim price of less than 50,000 rubles are heard in the magistrate's court. This includes the return of rights, housing disputes, divorce, labor relations, the procedure for using property, and others.
Within a single court, any case can be heard three times:
- судьей первой инстанции;
- повторно в апелляции (если какая-то из сторон не удовлетворена решением);
- еще раз, в кассационном порядке.
- debt recovery; - litigation of public authorities' decision; - litigation of legal and regulatory acts; - labour disputes; - housing disputes; - hereditary disputes; - land disputes; - family disputes; - consumer rights protection; - property disputes; - unjust benefit cases; - shared ownership disputes; - protection of honour and dignity; - enforcement of international court orders.